With your help, we’ve spent the past several years advocating for North Carolina’s public school system. We believe that inclusive, integrated, and equitable public schools are the truest route to independence and prosperity for all students and their communities. We believe that students in integrated schools demonstrate more tolerance and inclusionary behaviors compared to those who have less contact with students from other racial and ethnic backgrounds. We work to reduce social and economic barriers that limit our students’ academic and economic advancement. We believe in education justice and strive to uphold equal access to a quality and well-rounded education for all students.
Education justice involves schools and communities that work to provide equitable and adequate distribution of highly qualified teachers who can provide quality instruction, equitable access to educational resources, advanced courses, and a focus on restorative justice to ensure that all students graduate high school ready for career or college. Restorative justice moves away from traditional punitive discipline that contributes to the school-prison pipeline by removing students from the classroom and educational opportunities. ‘Restorative justice is an effective alternative to punitive responses to wrongdoing. The goal is to bring together persons harmed with persons responsible for harm in a safe and respectful space, promoting dialogue, accountability, and a stronger sense of community.”
Integration and Equitable Distribution of Resources
A focus on school integration and equitable distribution of education resources is especially important now, when schools across the country are re-segregating at an alarming rate. Levels of segregation in our nation’s schools are now at levels not seen since the 1960s. According to a recent report, school segregation is associated with increasing racial achievement gaps, dropout rates, and incarceration rates. Integration has benefits for all students, including improved test scores, a decrease in drop-out rates, an increase in capacity for working with others, decreased levels of prejudice and much more.
Diverting Funds from Public Schools
Perhaps the greatest threat of the move towards privatizing our schools is the erosion of the public’s trust in their public schools as a vital civic institution. Privatization turns our children’s education into just another consumer item. Under the cover of consumer “choice,” privatization fosters a system of segregated have and have not schools, undermining equality of opportunity and weakening the NC Constitutional obligation to provide a sound, basic education for all public school students.
A variety of forces contribute to this trend, including the proliferation of charter schools, increased voucher funding and progression of the “school choice movement” that takes money from traditional public schools and sends it to private operators. The result of most “choice” options is that schools are mostly segregated by race and income. Separate is never equal, and working for education justice involves working towards integrated, equitable schools.
All children deserve a high-quality appropriate public education. Equality of opportunity is our nation’s foundational value, and public schools are the best way for our state to ensure it for every child, regardless of race, religion, ability, income, or residence. Education justice is striving to achieve equal opportunity through high-quality education for every student.
The techniques used to undermine our public schools range from diverting public resources to unaccountable private entities to schools’ chronic underfunding that disproportionately hurts the poorest parts of our state. They encompass disparaging teachers’ abilities by taking career protections and offering low pay, as well as denigrating districts by implying they misuse funds that have been spent properly.
Public Schools Are Not Failing
Creating instability in schools and districts by refusing to fund class size mandates is just the latest example of a long-term campaign to cultivate the belief that public schools are failing. An article from Washington Post details the rise in rhetoric that American public schools are failing. “A quick search on the Google Books Ngram Viewer indicates that the likelihood of encountering the phrase ‘failing schools’ was 100 times greater in 2008 than it was in 1975.” Of course, some schools do indeed struggle. Rising economic inequity and institutional racism contribute to multiple challenges not easily addressed in the classroom. Children from low-income families need more social support than we currently provide in most schools. Poverty is strongly correlated with below average academic achievement.
Privatization is not the answer to fixing these issues. “Disruption, which is so highly lauded in the private sector, is exactly what those schools don’t need. Instead, what they need is courageous policy addressing issues like school integration and compensatory funding.” All of this is a pattern of privileging private and privatized entities over existing available public institutions that are the best, most equitable means we have of delivering resources to citizens.
Adverse Childhood Experiences
Another key issue to student academic success is the impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on children and how these life experiences affect their schooling. Research links toxic levels of stress and the related chronic stress responses to negative impacts on every aspect of a child’s life; from their physical health, to the development of their brains and social and emotional skills, to their academic performance. The good news is that children can learn resilience and the impact of ACES can be mitigated allowing children to have better health and educational outcomes. Research shows how we can help traumatized children learn by teaching them resilience, fostering trauma-informed/sensitive learning environments, showing them compassion, providing them with protective relationships, and giving them social and emotional learning skills (SEL). Public schools have a role to play in promoting the great childhoods that children deserve and need to succeed in school and life. Learn more about resilience and ACEs.
Children of all income levels are impacted by ACEs but children of poverty face significantly more barriers to coping. Poverty affects students’ academic readiness and abilities which adversely affects schools and their ability to reduce academic gaps experienced by children living in poverty. Further highlighting the tragic impact of poverty on learning is how all of the schools eligible for state “take-over” have been listed as high-poverty schools with disproportionate ratios of children of color. This further damages impoverished communities. Read more about poverty and children in NC here.
Taken together, the state’s recent economic agenda and its treatment of school systems that was once a model for the nation has been harmful to children and families. It’s also harmful to the very core of our state and national beliefs. A state whose leaders don’t believe in public schools as a public good, and who don’t treat them as such, cannot achieve education justice for all children.
The central tenets of education justice are:
- Integrated, equitable schools that prepare students to become citizens and leaders in a diverse country. (See the School Integration section.)
- Universal pre-K for all eligible 4-year-olds.
- Equity of opportunity for all races and abilities
- Inclusion and safety for LGBTQ+ students
- Providing a trauma-informed approach/learning environment
- Teaching educators and their children how to best use social and emotional learning (SEL) tools to help students be socially and academically successful
- Restorative practices that keep kids in school and seek to end school-to-prison pipeline
- Fully funded system of schools (resources and support staff)
- High quality teachers and administrators who are valued and retained in every school.
- Ending high stakes testing practices that realistically only measure a student’s economic background and keep marginalized students from rigorous classes. Additionally, these tests deny them “entrance or access to so-called ‘merit’ scholarships, contributing to the huge racial gap in college enrollments and completion.
Research from around the nation shows the benefits of racially and economically integrated schools. Research confirms that all students, regardless of their socio-economic background, benefit academically from a racially and economically mixed learning environment. It is not only the poorer students who benefit. However, the re-segregation of schools poses a much more acute threat for low-income and minority students given the overwhelming challenges faced by schools with high concentrations of poverty. High poverty schools face much higher rates of teacher turnover and disciplinary problems along with lower student performance.
In addition to the academic benefits of school integration, diverse schools do a better job of preparing students to live in an integrated world. Students who learn to work with people with a range of backgrounds are more adept with handling the complexity of difference and the challenge of the unfamiliar.
The relentless campaign to privatize our nation’s public schools is fueling re-segregation in public schools. Vouchers, charter schools and the entire “school choice” movement exacerbates racial and economic segregation. Public education, once seen as a public good to benefit all children, is now being “sold” as a commodity, where those with the most resources are entitled to “the best” education. Funneling public dollars away from the schools that desperately need them to private operators is destroying traditional public schools. As the wealthy are encouraged to flee their neighborhood schools under the guise of “school choice,” the schools left behind struggle to educate ever increasing concentrations of poor, minority and marginalized students with inadequate funding and resources. For years, evidence has shown that socioeconomic integration improves school achievement more than any other strategy, yet policy makers continue to resist advocating for integration. Further, a NYT piece by Nikole Hannah Jones on segregated, separate and unequal school systems demonstrates that the “academic achievement gap for black children increased as they spent time in segregated schools.”
Threats to integrated schools include:
- Efforts to roll back school desegregation plans in parts of our state, following a national trend toward re-segregation. A recent report states, “Consequently, wealthier families in de facto segregated districts like Charlotte, North Carolina, now have greater latitude to flee to whiter, better-resourced school districts, depriving black and brown neighborhoods of the affirmative-action measures needed to avoid further academic marginalization.”
- The growth of charter schools that primarily serve one racial, ethnic or economic group and promote resegregation.
- Private school vouchers that shift public funds to private entities.
In addition to being an advocate for integrated schools, make sure to check out our #CharlottesvilleCurriculum page for ideas on teaching #EdJustice tenets to our students. For further reading on this important topic, see our list of recommended resources below.
What we’re reading – and you’re suggesting! – to promote #EdJustice:
Racial Equity Institute is an alliance of trainers, organizers and institutional leaders who have devoted themselves to the work of creating racially equitable organizations and systems. Click here for their comprehensive booklist.
Website: Centre for Justice and Reconciliation great resource for an introduction to restorative justice
Teaching Tolerance www.tolerance.org
The Zinn Education Project – www.zinnedproject.org
Implicit Bias Test – https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/takeatest.html
Education in Georgia’s Black Belt: Policy Solutions to Help Overcome a History of Exclusion https://gbpi.org/2019/education-in-georgias-black-belt/
This American Life Podcast, Nikole Hannah-Jones, 2015, The Problem We All Live With Part 1, Part 2
New York Times, Nikole Hannah-Jones, 2016, Choosing a School For My Daughter in a Segregated City
Gadfly on The Wall Blog, Steven Singer, 2016, Standardizing Whiteness: The Essential Racism of Standardized Testing
The Atlantic, Patrick Wall, 2017, The Privilege of School Choice: When given the chance, will wealthy parents ever choose to desegregate schools?
How to Teach Students Who Don’t Look Like You by Bonnie Davis
For White Folks Who Teach in the Hood and the Rest of Y’all Too by Chris Emdin
An African American and Latinx History of the United States by Paul Ortiz
Cutting School: Privatization, Segregation, and the End of Public Education by Noliwe Rooks
Is Everyone Really Equal? An Introduction to Key Concepts in Social Justice Education by Ozlem Sensoy
Peacemaking Circles and Urban Youth: Bringing Justice Home by Carolyn Boyes-Watson
The 57 Bus: A True Story of Two Teenagers and the Crime That Changed Their Lives
by Dashka Slater
The Little Book of Circle Processes : A New/Old Approach to Peacemaking by Kay Pranis
The Little Book of Restorative Justice in Education: Fostering Responsibility, Healing, and Hope in Schools by Katherine Evans and Dorothy Vaandering (read our review!)
The Little Book of Restorative Discipline for Schools by Lorraine Stutzman Amstute and Judy H. Mullet
Punished by Rewards and The Schools Our Children Deserve by Alfie Kohn
The Restorative Practices Handbook: For Teachers, Disciplinarians and Administrators (Hardcover) by Bob Costello
Teaching Peace: A Restorative Justice Framework for Strengthening Relationships
by Beverly B. Title
Walking on Water by Derrick Jensen
Last edit April 9, 2020